Examples of pictures taken with ProHDR
modified with ProHDR, an iPhone Photo APP
When we came upon this seen while driving along the Yakima river in the
fall, it was obviously worth a stop. The first picture I took was
with the regular camera in my iPhone 4 but the sky came out all washed
out. I retook the picture using ProHDR and the sky came out
beautifully. Perhaps even over exaggerated.
The basic problem is that the eye can see a wider range of lights and
darks than cameras can. Where it looks all washed out or very dark
in the picture, our eyes can still pick out a lot of detail.
HDR (High Dynamic Range) camera apps work by taking multiple pictures
with different exposure settings then merging the best of each to make a
composite picture. There are a couple of potential stumbling blocs
There is inherently a delay between the two pictures and in a hand held
camera there is obviously some motion between the two. The program
tries to fix this problem by moving and rotating the two pictures around
till they find the best alignment. The problem with this approach
is that the amount of moving and rotating required is a function of how
far away the item in the picture is. If the picture is something
like a mountain framed in a window, then there is a tendency for either
the mountain or the window frame to be out of focus. To minimize
this problem, try to steady the camera against a firm object.
Obviously if there is someone walking though the picture, you are hosed.
Another problem is the Sky tends to be artificially light next to the
skyline. This is particularly noticeable at the skyline in the
right side of the picture. I have checked other HDR programs and
they all seem to have this problem.
There is a version of HDR that comes with the iPhone and others on the
App Store such as TrueHDR but I like Pro HDR the best.
To see a YouTube video of Pro HDR click
to get good sunset/sunrise pictures.
To get a good sunset or sunrise picture, you
want to underexpose the picture, it should look like it is getting dark
outside. You can post process your picture to darken it with
something like PS Express discussed elsewhere on this web site, or you
can use the darker image taken by ProHDR and just through away the
lighter image and the final one.
Using ProHDR to fix up an existing Photo
The above example is the most common use for
ProHDR but it can also be used to combine excising photos in your
library. One reason to do this is if the original photo has areas
that are too dark but when you lighten the photo the light area turns to
The examples below illustrates that
To get ProHDR to use existing photos
select "Actions" on the bottom right of the ProHDR screen. Then select
"HDR From Library". It than asks you to select the first image (which
should be the darker one where the highlights are properly exposed).
Then you select the second image (The lighter ones where the shadows are
properly exposed). The program then combines the two images.
I created a second lighter image using the exposure adjustment in PS
Express on my cell iPhone so all steps were completed on my iPhone.
(As a side note, I have no idea what the difference is between adjusting
exposure and brightness on an existing photo is but adjusting exposure
seems easier to me.)
The leftmost one is the original. In the second picture, the image
has been cropped using PS Express.
The third photo is the second with the exposure adjusted to being
out the details of the building. This was also done with PS Express.
The picture on the right was created with Pro HDR by combining the
light and dark images.
Original (dark photo)
Final combined photo
As a side note,
it is worth noting that the same effect could be achieved using
desktop photo editing software such as Adobe Photo Shop or possibly
Adobe Photo Express. I use Paint Shop Pro from Corel. The basic idea is that fancier photo editing programs allow
you to adjust the brightness separately for the shadows, midtones,
and highlights. In practice is was not that easy but the process
gives some additional insight to some other changes ProHDR seems to
be making. The original photo is the original shown above.
Lightening the shadows
Adjust>Brightness and Contrast>highlight/midtone/shadow
Midtone and Highlight: 0
Adding vibrancy (brightness)
Adjust>Hue and Saturation>Vibrancy
Setting: Strength 87
Other HDR Programs
camera app that comes with the iPhone has HDR capability. To get to it,
tap OPTIONS along the top of the screen then turn HDR on. Try this if you
just want to do a little experimenting with HDR pictures. I do not like it
principally because it does not permit one to save the original lighter and
darker images. Usually I discard the original pictures the same day they
were taken but sometimes the darker picture is better than the combined one.
In Pro HDR you can choose whether you want to keep the ordinals or not.
HDR makes the images too "bright" or "vibrant" the colors are implacably vibrant with grass
that is on beyond green for example. Pro HDR brightens up the pictures
some but not so much that it is offensive.